. 6 Education Theorists… – Digital Learning News
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The Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) is the global organization that manages IP addresses. It initially defined a type of IP address called IP version 4 (IPv4). 192.168.0.1 Login This type is a 32-bit number usually expressed as four numbers separated by a decimal point — for example, 192.168.0.1. Each decimal must have a value between 0 and 255, which means that the IPv4 system can accommodate about 4 billion unique addresses. This seemed like plenty in the early days of the internet. . . but more on that later.

If you have one nearby the most obvious choice is the post office. They have been selling stamps since stamps became a thing (see the history of stamps here) and they will be happy to help to make sure you have enough stamps for what you are sending. If you are one of the unlucky people who do not have a post office nearby however there are still a number of convenient options for you to choose from. For a more in depth look at Where to Buy Stamps. If you are looking for larger numbers of stamps (10+) then you have a lot more options. There are plenty of large chains across the country that stock postage stamps as well as envelopes etc.

An interesting infographic viewed on e-Learning Infographics

I would have added Seymour Papert, which is the founder of Constructionism !

6 Education Theorists All Teachers Should Know Infographic
Find more education infographics on e-Learning Infographics

6 Education Theorists

The 6 Education Theorists All Teachers Should Know present 6 people that did some of the major research in education.

Lev Vygotsky

How do you decide the level at which to instruct your students? Vygotsky says to determine their Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD). This means the skills that are just a little bit beyond their reach. When you are working with a small reading group, don’t pick books that kids can read perfectly. Pick ones that are just a little bit challenging, that students will need some support to read. Eventually a student’s ZPD bumps up higher because they have mastered the skills you were supporting them with.

Scaffolding is not a term that Vygotsky actually used but it’s a concept that developed based on his work. When you scaffold a student, you give them support to complete a task that they can’t quite do on their own. For example, at first, students need to be walked through every step of long division. Gradually the scaffolding can be reduced. Maybe they just need a couple of reminders at tricky spots. Eventually the scaffolding can be removed because the student can complete the task on their own.

Jean Piaget

Piaget was a constructivist which means he believed that kids learn by manipulating, modifying, and otherwise working with concepts. They construct their own learning rather than just being told something. Piaget worked with the idea that the things people know are organized into schemas. When a child learns something new, they either assimilate it into an existing schema, change their schema, or develop a new schema. Do you activate background knowledge before a lesson? You’re helping students tap into their existing schema!

B.F. Skinner

When I taught second grade and my class was on the wrong track, I would look for the one kid doing the right thing and say, “Wow, I love how Jesse is standing with his hands to his side and his voice turned off.” As I positively reinforced this behavior with praise, other students would jump on board, too. This is the heart of behaviorism. It’s the idea that praise and rewards positively reinforce a behavior and encourage kids to continue with it. Punishments discourage students from a behavior. Beyond following rules, there are learning actions we can reinforce. If you display quality student work, praise students for using strategies, let students publish on cool paper when they have their writing perfect, etc. you are using behaviorism to guide students toward the behaviors and actions of successful adults.

Jerome Bruner

If you have decent curriculum to use, you’ve probably seen Bruner’s idea of spiral curriculum at work. Elementary students can’t design roads and bridges but they can begin to learn about the physics of how the slope of a ramp effects the speed of a ball rolling down that ramp. Each year they can revsit and build on their previous learning.

Benjamin Bloom

You may have heard of Bloom’s Taxonomy. It’s a hierarchy of intellectual behaviors. The lowest level is remembering facts. The highest level is using your knowledge to create something new. With the new Common Core standards we’ve heard a lot about increasing rigor for our students. One way to do this is to make sure we’re involving our students in higher order thinking activities at the top of Bloom’s Taxonomy, not just in memorizing facts.

Howard Gardner

Gardner found that people have more than one way of processing information and that a typical IQ score doesn’t completely measure intelligence. He created the theory of Multiple Intelligences. In the classroom we can engage multiple intelligences by singing educational songs, allowing students to work through concepts verbally, through art, through writing, with partners, and through movement.

 

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